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PTE干货:如何正确提高写作词汇的使用

2019-03-04

不管是PTE考试还是雅思等其他的考试,写作的一大障碍是词汇匮乏,构思好的内容却因词汇有限而无法充分表达出来。就如同我们在脑中已经构思出一幅精美的艺术画,却因颜料不够而达不到理想中的要求。是我们认识的词汇太少吗?不一定。


而且我们时常挂在嘴边的就是扩大词汇量,但一般这么做,都是为了将词汇从陌生转到认识,而很少想到要将认识的词转为平常使用的词。要想提高写作,扩大使用的词汇是很重要的。

那如何提高写作的词汇使用呢?小编有这几个建议:


扩大阅读量


俗话说读写不分家。读书不仅是为了增长知识,加强思考能力,还是可以帮助我们认识并熟悉词汇。通过阅读来理解词汇与单纯死背词汇最大的区别是读书让我们用心体会词汇,一个个由字母组成的单词不再是枯燥的符号,而是被作者赋予了生命的和读者进行心灵对话的使者。而且阅读让我们在一定情境下去了解词汇的意思和用法,更便于掌握词的使用。无论是读小说还是The New York Times, Fortune等杂志文章,在阅读的同时可以将喜欢的词和句子抄在笔记本上,经常翻看,久而久之,可灵活使用的词汇句式就会不断增长。


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制作词汇手册 


将词汇归类可便于记忆、学习和使用。比如你可以将描述感官的词句分类。声音类,如落叶踩在脚下“crackling”, 巨大的海浪在“roaring”,金属撞击时”clanking”。触觉类,如物体表面silky, bumpy, filthy, dusty等。又比如描述冲突/对抗的词句,描述改变/增加/减少的词句。随着阅读的增加,逐渐积累手册上的内容。


勤练习


好记性不如烂笔头。只靠大量阅读和积累词汇是不够的,记忆力再好也会出现遗忘,所以提高写作不可缺少的是勤练笔。可以从简单的开始,写篇生活心得,或根据一个writing prompt (写作提示/题目)来写一小段文章。


注意不要写成流水账,就集中写一个场景或某个时刻的心理感受。可以是一篇长文,或几段话,甚至几句话,要尽量细致地选用准确的词语来描述细节。


多练、多看、多做,才能使自己在积累的过程中,灵活使用各种词汇。


以下小福利环节,对于写作中逻辑关系的词汇小编进行了简单的总结,小伙伴们可以做个参考。


01

表示特定的顺序关系

First, firstly, second, secondly, third, next, then, finally, lastly, in the end, eventually, at last, at length, above all etc.

Eg: Firstly, this car looks awful, and secondly, it’s unreliable.


02

表示顺承、递进、补充

Also, too, in addition, furthermore, moreover, what's more, besides, what's worse, similary etc.

Eg: Chrysanthemums are such beautiful flowers, and what’s more, they are very easy to grow.


03

表示让步

However, on the other hand, but, yet, though, nevertheless, in contrast, despite, in spite of, in any case etc.

Eg: I was a little afraid. However, I decided to try it.


04

进行举例

For example, to illustrate, for instance, like, such as.

Eg: You may have questions which you wish to raise. For instance, who will oversee your work and how will feedback be given?


05

换种方式

That is, in other words, to put it another way.

Eg: In other words, can we hire her for this job?


06

表示事实

In fact, indeed, as a matter of fact,in reality, actually, to tell you the truth.

Eg: The film was very bad indeed.


07

话题总结

on the whole, in short, all in all, in gerneral, in a word

Eg: On the whole, these projects were a failure.


08

表示条件

if, unless, once(一旦), as long as, in case+句子 etc.

Eg: I'm not happy unless I ride or drive every day.


09

表示目的

in order to, so as to, so that, for fear that.

Eg: In order to succeed, you must overcome any hardships.


10

表示原因

for, as, since, now that, because, rsult from due to, on account of.

Eg: He had a great desire to have a home of his own for he had always lived with my grandmother.


以上就是小编为大家整理的关于PTE听力题型备考建议。更多PTE考试流程PTE考试是什么等问题可以咨询我们。

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