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PTE写作失分点:词汇语法错误总结

2019-09-09

PTE写作就两类题型。第一类Summarize written texts个人感觉与其说是在考阅读和概括能力,不妨直白点说会不会写长的复杂句。换句话说,就是如何把近一个页面的内容有的放矢的总结成为一句话。语法并不是很好的同学一定要在家多拿些复杂句研究研究,推敲一下如何把句子写长并且写好。

第二类就是Write an essay or two essays。这一类的题型就和雅思的大作文差不多了,鉴于本人之前很多年前考过托福,其实个人感觉PTE的写作和托福iBT的写作可比性较高。两者都要求我们在较短的时间内采用电脑打字的方法写一篇议论文。

今天小编为大家整理了部分写作词汇语法错误:

01、冠词使用错误

a.不定冠词:a/an

例句:I want to eat apple.

应改成:I want to eatanapple.

b.定冠词:the

例句:I was born intheShanghai.

应改成:I was born in Shanghai.

一些由考生误以为“独一无二的事物前面都要加the”,不知道Shanghai,China,人名这类不由普通名词组成的专有名词前通常不加the。

注:定冠词“the”的使用规定有很多种情形,建议考生可以专门攻克一下。

c.不使用冠词

例句:Playthefootball

应改成:Play football

类似情形有:Have lunch, Go home, By car等都不使用冠词。

02、名词单复数错误

a.有一些词或者短语后面一般要加可数名词的复数,如“a few, few, a variety of, various, other, numerous等。

例句:Smoking cessation is one of the likelyfactorthat contribute to the development of obesity.

应改成:Smoking cessation is one of the likelyfactorsthat contribute to the development of obesity.

b.有一些词后面一般要加可数名词的单数,如“any other, another, each, neither, either”。

例句:Many teenagers begin smoking habits due to peer pressure but not for any otherreasons.

应改成:Many teenagers begin smoking habits due to peer pressure but not for any otherreason.

c.有一些词或者短语后面一般要加不可数名词,如“a little, little, less, much, enormous, a large amount of ”。

例句:Littleprogresseshave been made towards tackling poverty.

应改成:Little progress has been made towards tackling poverty.

03、及物动词的使用错误

a.及物动词后一定要加名词或者名词性质的成分作宾语,构成主语+谓语动词+宾语的基本句型;否则就是错误的。

例句:I will discuss in some detail.

应改成:I will discussthis topicin detail.

b.有一些及物动词后面跟宾语和宾语补足语,构成主语+谓语动词+宾语+宾语补足语的基本句型,如“make,see,have,let”,这些词后面跟的动词常用不加“to”的动词不定式。

例句:Education can let young peopletofind jobs easily after they finish their education.

应改成:Education can let young people find jobs easily after they finish their education.

04、介词的语法错误

a.介词不是连词,一般后面只接名词或者具备名词性质的短语或者带连词的宾语从句。比较容易被当做连词的介词有“despite,in spite of,during,because of,due to”,也不能加动词。

例句:Many children depend on their parentsgivesupport.

应改成:Many children depend on their parents’ support.

b.“to”在某些情况下(如词组“give rise to, contribute to, pay attention to, conform to, lead to”)作介词,需要加名词或者具备名词性质的东西充当宾语,而不是加动词原形充当不定式。

例句:There are many solutions todeal withthe problem.

应改成:There are many solutions to the problem.

05、连词的使用错误

a.一般来说,两个连词不能同时用在句子中,典型的例子有:“because”和“so”, “although”和“but”。

例句:Although the crime rate is falling in many parts of the world,butviolent crimes are constantly rampant.

应改成:Although the crime rate is falling in many parts of the world, violent crimes are constantly rampant.

b.多于一个的名词、动词、形容词等出现的时候,需要使用并列连词“and,but”或者“or”。

例句:Smoking, drinking are banned in many places of work.

应改成:Smokinganddrinking are banned in many places of work.

06、情态动词使用错误

有时过度重视时态,忽略了情态动词后面加动词要原形的原则。

例句:I thought the reason why I chose to study that subject was I couldgota betterjob after learning that

应改成:I thought the reason why I chose to study that subjectwas I couldgeta better job after learning that.

07、代词单复数错误

使用代词要看所指代的名词的单复数,根据名词单复数使用相应的代词。

例句:Some parents do not obey traffic ruleshimself.

应改成:Some parents do not obey traffic rulesthemselves.

08、词性使用错误

修饰形容词或者动词应该用副词。

例句:Intelligent students should not be treateddifferentby their teachers.

应改成:Intelligent students should not be treateddifferentlyby their teachers.  

以上就是小编为大家整理的关于PTE写作考试中词汇语法错误汇总,希望对大家有所帮助。

PTE在线学院永远把学生放在第一位,提供针对性高质量教学与指导,完善的备考服务,如果还是不确定的话,欢迎来找PTE在线学院小助手(微信号:PTEACADEMY3)聊一聊哦,小助手会安排老师为你的情况做详细的分析,PTE在线学院为各位考生提供海量的PTE考试资讯和资料,或许您很快就能找到自己的选择啦~


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