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PTE写作真题Summarize Written Text3

2018-11-21

对于很多即将出国留学的同学来讲,PTE考试绝对不仅仅是拿给学校的参考成绩,尤其是打算去澳洲留学的小伙伴们更是如此,它能够让你更顺利的通过澳洲及英国的全部签证类型,可谓是功能强大,那么备考PTE考试就是现在同学们最关心的问题了,今天小编就为大家来讲一讲PTE写作真题Summarize Written Text3,希望能够帮到大家:

PTE写作真题Summarize Written Text3

PTE写作真题Summarize Written Text:

Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judge on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

All non-human animals are constrained by the tools that nature has bequeathed them through natural selection. They are not capable of striving towards truth; they simply absorb information, and behave in ways useful for their survival. The kinds of knowledge they require of the world have been largely pre-selected by evolution. No animal is capable of asking questions or generating problems that are irrelevant to its immediate circumstances or its evolutionarily designed needs. When a beaver builds a dam, it doesn't ask itself why it does so, or whether there is a better way of doing it. When a swallow flies south, it doesn't wonder why it is hotter in Africa or what would happen if it flew still further south.

Humans do ask themselves these and many other kinds of questions, questions that have no relevance, indeed make little sense, in the context of evolved needs and goals. What marks out humans is our capacity to go beyond our naturally defined goals such as the need to find food, shelter or a mate and to establish human created goals.

Some contemporary thinkers believe that there are indeed certain questions that humans are incapable of answering because of our evolved nature. Steven Pinker, for instance, argues that "Our minds evolved by natural selection to solve problems that were life and death matters to our ancestors, not to commune with correctness or to answer any question we are capable of asking. We cannot hold ten thousand words in our short-term memory. We cannot see ultra violet light. We cannot mentally rotate an object in the fourth dimension. And perhaps we cannot solve conundrums like free will and sentience."

PTE写作真题Summarize Written Text参考答案:

Non-human animals are constrained due to natural selection, simply absorb information just for their survival, and are not capable of asking questions or generating problems irrelevant to their immediate circumstances or evolutionarily designed needs, while humans ask many questions in the context of evolved needs and goals and can go beyond our naturally defined goals, but humans are also incapable of answering certain questions because of our evolved nature. (69 words)

非人类动物由于自然选择而受到限制,仅仅为了生存而吸收信息,并且不能提出问题或产生与其直接环境或进化设计需求无关的问题,而人类在进化需求的背景下提出许多问题 和目标,可以超越我们自然定义的目标,但由于我们的进化性质,人类也无法回答某些问题。 (69字)

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